Using Amazon Lambda with API Gateway

Amazon Lambda is a “serverless compute” service from AWS that lets you run Nodejs, Python, or other code. They have extensive documentation, but I found a disconnect: I was struggling to get the API gateway to map into Lambda functions. I put together a YouTube video, but some of the highlights are below. The source code for the project is on GitHub.



The Lambda function I demo is very simple, returning a URL based on a given input. When creating it, filter for “hello-world”, and adjust the following:

Name bsdfinder
Description BSD Finder
Role lambda_basic_execution

For the others, just accept the defaults. The IAM Role can be tweaked to allow your lambda function to access S3 as well.

Your method needs to have a event and context objects. The event object is how properties are fed into your function from the API Gateway, and the context object is how execution is stopped and response values passed out.

Test it

Once it’s saved, click Actions → Configure test event. Use this test data:

  "bsd": "open"

The execution should succeed and the results look like:

  "code": 302,
  "location": ""

If you got this far, the lambda function works.

API Gateway

The API Gateway fronts requests from the internet and passes them into the Lambda function, with a workflow:

Method Request → Integration Request → Lambda → Integration Response → Method Response

Method Request Specify what properties (query string, headers) will be accepted
Integration Request Map method request properties to the lambda fucntion
Lambda Properties passed into event object, passed out with context object
Integration Response Map lambda context properties to response
Method Response Response finally gets returned to UA


I deliberately kept this document thin. Check out the YouTube video to see it all come together.